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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3934\margr2777\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3934\margrsxn2777\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx3425 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 NEOLITHIC LIFE{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-29 13}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb226\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 tended flocks of domesticated animals, and also began \expndtw2 the cultivation of land.   Their food was simple, con\-\expndtw-5 sisting of game, forest produce, vegetables, milk, honey, \expndtw2 wild grains, etc.; and the dress of these neolithic men \expndtw0 was probably leaves, barks of trees, and skins.   They \expndtw-2 made pottery, at first by hand, but afterwards the wheel was used.    The   earthenware   were   either   plain   or \expndtw0 painted and decorated with representations of flowers, \expndtw1 leaves,   etc.   The  neolithians  chose  the  tough  trap \expndtw6 rock for their weapons of offence and defence, but \expndtw-2 things of domestic use were made of other materials of \expndtw2 various colours.   They buried their dead and erected \expndtw0 tombs, as is evident from some pre-historic skeletons \expndtw2 discovered in the district of Mirzapur.    On the other \expndtw1 hand, the finds of funeral urns, meant for the ashes of \expndtw4 the dead, would show   that cremation too   was not \expndtw-1 unknown.    Presumably they   worshipped   spirits   of nature as embodied in trees and stones, and propitiated them by   bloody   sacrifices  and   offerings   of   food \expndtw2 and drink.   Further,   in  the  caves  of  the   Vindhya \expndtw0 hills,  there  are  neolithic  "cup-marks"   and   "ruddle \expndtw1 drawings," which give   us   some   idea of the artistic \expndtw2 efforts of these men.   All these features indicate that the palaeolithic and neolithic men must   have   been \expndtw-2 separated by a wide gap, maybe of centuries.   Indeed, \expndtw0 some scholars even deny that the latter were the  des\-cendants of the   former.    But   our   evidence   being \expndtw1 imperfect, it would be better not to dogmatise on this point., It is, however, certain that the neolithic culture \expndtw0 was \i widespread, \i0 as  remains of this period  have been \expndtw-2 found almost all over the country, particularly in Bella-\expndtw2 ry, Salem, Karnul, and other districts of the   Madras}\par }